Coastal Scenes and Fisheries – Page 6

Gallery containing mountains and scenery (public domain) photos from Canada. Many of these photos are made by Dudley Foskett, and include locations such coast and fisheries in northern British Columbia and native villages. The vast majority of mountains in Canada lie in the western provinces of British Columbia and Alberta and the Yukon Territory.

Canada has an extremely large number of lakes. The number of lakes larger than three square kilometers is estimated at close to 31,752 by the Atlas of Canada, with 561 lakes with a surface area larger than 100 km2. Almost 9% of Canada’s total area is covered by freshwater.

Pavilion lake 4Pavilion lake and Marble canyon in distancePavillion valleyPeach orchardPear lakePeyto glacier and Peyto peak - Jasper national parkPinacles of Marble canyonPine island lighthousePines and SagebrushPort Neville 2Port Neville 3Port Neville


Peyto Glacier is situated in the Canadian Rockies in Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada. Peyto Glacier is an outflow glacier from the Wapta Icefield, which rests along the Continental divide. The glacier snout is subject to high melt rates from season to season and there is marked surface lowering on several parts of the glacier.

The Fraser Valley is the region of the Fraser River basin in southwestern British Columbia downstream of the Fraser Canyon. The term is sometimes used outside of British Columbia to refer to the entire basin including the Fraser Canyon and up from there to its source, but in general British Columbian usage of the term refers to the stretch of the river downstream from the town of Hope, and includes all of the Canadian portion of the Fraser Lowland and areas flanking it.

Pretty lakePunchbowl fallsRailway bridges over Fraser riverRainbow over Owikeno lakeRainbow over Sproat fallsRapids in Wannock river 2Red bluffs in the CaribooRefections Owikeno lakeReflections Astalin lake, Elk island - National park AlbertaReflections on Owikeno lakeRenfrew road in mayRiver joining Nanaimo lakes


The Wannock River is a short river in the Central Coast region of British Columbia, Canada, draining Owikeno Lake and entering Rivers Inlet at the head of that inlet, adjacent to the town of the same name, which is the main modern settlement of the Wuikinuxv (Owikeno) people.

Jackass Mountain is a mountain in the Canadian Cascades of the Cascade Range in southwestern British Columbia, Canada. It is named for the muletrains that ventured north to the Cariboo gold fields; apparently some did not make it over the bluff and perished in a fall hence the name. The Cariboo Road was built over this route in 1862, the hill at 1200 feet sits high above the river.

Rivers inlet 2Rivers inlet from the SS CatalaRivers inlet waterfallRivers inletRoad over Jackass mountainRoadside floral displayRoche rondeRock bluff Owikeno lakeRock bluffRowing on Crown lakeSailing in Fitzhugh SoundSailing near ocean falls


Fitz Hugh Sound, sometimes spelled Fitzhugh Sound, is a sound on the British Columbia Coast of Canada, located between Calvert Island and the mainland. Fitz Hugh Sound is part of a group of named bodies of water around the opening of Dean Channel, one of the coast’s main fjords, where it intersects the infra-insular waterway known as the Inside Passage.

Pavilion Mountain is a mountain in the Marble Range in the South Cariboo region of the South-Central Interior of British Columbia, Canada. The term Pavilion Mountain is also used to refer to the historic ranch and associated rangeland on the “bench” on the mountain’s southwestern side, and also to the road which traverses that benchland and the mountain’s western shoulder and is the route of the Old Cariboo Road.

Fitz Hugh Sound was given its name in 1785 by James Hanna, the first non-indigenous person to find and map it. Hanna was the first British maritime fur trader to visit the Northwest Coast.

Ocean Falls is a community on the Central Coast of British Columbia, Canada. Formerly a large company town owned by Crown Zellerbach, it is only accessible via boat or seaplane, and is home for a few dozen full-time residents, with the seasonal population upwards of 100.

Ocean Falls is noted for its abundance of rain – about 4,390 millimeters annually, and its residents are sometimes referred to as the “Rain People.” Situated around a waterfall from Link Lake straight into Cousins Inlet, it has considerable energy resources that are largely untapped.


Romanian Water Photos

These images are made mostly in the mountain areas. The gallery include mountain rivers, mountain lakes, waterfalls and other close up shots of fresh natural water. Some of the water scenes in this gallery are created using a long exposure technique, so the water will give a flowing feeling in the picture.

Cascade flowing waterCascade - MountainFlowing river waterLeafs in waterMountain river cascadeMountain riverMountain river stonesSmall mountain springFresh mountain spring water


Tips For Using Your Camera In Cold Weather

Shooting outdoors in cold weather can be very tricky for your camera, some functions can be blocked and your batteries may last very short. To prevent damaging your equipment and be able to take the pictures you want in very cold weather, I aligned below the most useful advices that can help you a lot.

Tips for using your camera in cold weather

Advices For Digital Cameras

Digital cameras are predisposed to more problems when used in cold weather than the film cameras, however, here are some workarounds and precautions that can help you to use your camera in subzero conditions.


Every digital camera is relying on its battery to operate properly, very low temperatures will drain the battery power very quickly, and you will start wondering why you took only six pictures with your fully charged battery.

A solution for this problem is to use a special battery pack to keep the camera battery inside, and place it in your pocket or under your coat as closest as possible to the skin, where the battery can stay warm. A thick wire will make the connection between the battery pack and camera.

Another solution is to have a second fully charged battery in your pocket and when the main one shows empty, rotate them, keeping the cold one in your warm pocket will make the battery available again for shooting.

Li-ion batteries are known to be more freezing resistant than other battery types and can provide more power in these circumstances. However, there are also special batteries that you can buy for this purpose.

Using the camera

Avoid touching metal parts of your camera or tripod with your bare hands, the metal will freeze your hand. You can use thermal proof gloves to protect you.

If you have really big gloves, and you can’t press the shutter button of the camera, you can use a release cable for firing the shutter. Be sure to select a low temperature resistant one.

Be careful not to breathe into your viewfinder or camera lens during focusing and composing, this will freeze the glass and will make impossible taking images, at least for a while.

If it’s snowing or raining and your camera isn’t waterproof, you can use a cloth camera cover, or you can wear a big hat, like the Mexicans.

If you want to check if your camera can shoot at temperatures below zero, you can make a simple test: place your camera in a zip lock bag and put the bag in the fridge at the desired temperature, if the camera works fine after this freezing test, then you may rely on it at similar temperatures. (Please note that this test may also damage your equipment)

Lens lubrication

Most lens lubrications will freeze at very low temperatures. To avoid having your lens focus or zoom blocked and unusable, you can send the lens to a professional lab for re-lubing it with winterized oils / lubricants. These solutions can handle -40 Celsius temperatures.

Prevent condensation

Condensation can occur when you bring the equipment from cold to warm, like returning home. This is due to the temperature differences between camera and air. Condensation may form ice or transpiration on the camera exterior but also in the interior, thus, any electrical system may be damaged.

To prevent condensation, be sure to pack your equipment in sealed plastic bags (zip lock) before entering home. You can safely unpack the equipment after 3-4 hours when the equipment temperature gets similar with the interior.

Have a back-up camera

Electronics are very sensible at very low temperatures, and you shall not rely on a single camera. When going to important (like one in a lifetime) destinations where temperatures are very low, be sure to carry with you a secondary back-up camera, just in case.

Advices For Film Cameras

Film cameras are the preferred photography tools for many cold weather shooters, and that’s because their bad experience in using electronic cameras in cold weather conditions, when everything can fail.

Full mechanically film cameras are most immune to low temperatures because their lack of electronic systems. The only three things that you must be aware of, are camera and lens lubrication, film manipulation and correct exposure.

You can also read the advices for using the camera, and prevent condensation noted above for digital cameras, lens lubrication advice is also there.

Film manipulation

At very low temperatures the photographic film will become brittle, thus, making the film very sensible and therefore easy to break when advancing it to the next position.

The only way to prevent this is to wind manually and very slow, you must be very carefully also when re-winding the film. Another good thing is to use short roll films because they are easier to manipulate than the long ones.

Some photographic films are more immune to low temperatures than others, be sure to read film specifications, if you don’t know any film for use in cold weather, let me recommend you the Kodachrome series from Kodak, you’ll not be disappointed.

Be aware when using cameras with automated film advance, at temperatures under -25 Celsius is very likely that will break the film. Try to set the camera to advance slowly, or if you have a manual lever, advance slowly by yourself.

Changing film may also raise difficulties because the film brittleness, be very careful and work slowly.

Exposing correctly in cold weather

There are two possibilities: your camera has a built-in meter or doesn’t, in both cases I recommend to have a separate light meter with you. The more experienced can eye-appreciate the correct exposure and set his camera accordingly. But for most of us, is safer to rely on an exact meter reading to expose our pictures correctly.

The majority of light meters use batteries to function. Because batteries are very stressed by cold weather you must ensure good charged batteries for the meter to function properly. Since meter batteries are generally very little, you can carry some more in your pocket. Selenium cell meters work better in cold weather.

Camera meters are designed to read everything as 18 % gray. All that white snow in winters will cause the meter to underexpose a bit, so you may manually overexpose with one or two more stops to ensure a good exposure.


Helios 58mm F2 Lens Fungus Cleaning

While browsing through my older photos, I came across some pics taken while I was cleaning the fungus of a Russian Helios prime lens. I thought that these pics may be of use to someone wanting to clean the fungus of a lens, either if it’s an older or modern one (and out of warranty of course).

The pictures below shows the fungus on the MC – HELIOS 44K – 4 prime lens. A 58mm F2 lens that, with a proper adapter, can get stunning pictures on modern D-SLR’s – like the example here at Photoshumi

I got this lens for a very low price, around $15, having the issue from above – one fungus spot on the interior. So one day I decided it is time to clean that lens, the pictures below shows all the steps I did to remove the spot, and also the tools I used. I think the pictures are self-explanatory, but if any of you are having a hard time opening a lens (any kind) you can contact me and I’ll try to help.


You can see in the pictures above, I cleaned the lens element affected by fungus with a glasses cleaning optical solution. After cleaning it, I reassembled the lens back, and now it is ready to use.

This is not a complicated operation to do at home, you must pay attention to not scratch the glass; to not break the little screws; and to assemble the lens back in its original position – like the focusing ring position. However, if you decide to do this, its on your sole risk.


How To Choose The Right Photo Camera?

Choosing a camera is a very difficult mission, I can see that at those who are on their way to buy one. The difficulty is due to several reasons such as the diversity of products on the market, marketing techniques, the advice of friends who have a specific camera, the multitude of camera features and other things.

Cameras types can be split into three categories:

– Compact (point and shoot)
– SLR-Like (they mimic the characteristics of D-SLR cameras)
– D-SLR (digital cameras with interchangeable lenses)

Compact devices are small, easy to carry, and their price is between $50-$300 USD

SLR-Likes are sized between compact and DSLR cameras an their price is between $300-$600 USD.

D-SLR’s are mostly large cameras, their price starts from around $500 USD and can go up to $3000 USD or even more, and this without counting the lenses.

choosing the right photo camera

Each of the three categories of cameras have advantages and disadvantages depending on needs. It is almost impossible to say that you have a camera that can cover all requirements. Professional photographers have 2-3 cameras and a variety of lenses, flashes and other accessories. Some argue that the camera that you possess is the best, which is a little exaggerated, because you can’t shoot with a compact, an animal that moves on, seen from your cabin window.

When buying a camera, you have to aim for the following characteristics:

Frames per second: the more frames per second your camera has, the more frames you can do, that means you can shoot in a short time, several images without losing that essential moment.

ISO: represents the sensor’s sensitivity to light. If the value of the camera has a higher ISO, this allows you to take bright pictures in dark places. The downside would be very high image noise in some cases, depending of the quality of the camera sensor and lens (colored dots covering the details). In bright light, the smallest ISO settings can be used, this way will result in photos with the highest detail.

Image stabilizer: as the name says, it will stabilize the image, and this will reduce the blur created by moving your hand (especially in low light conditions). Also, the image stabilizers are either digital or mechanical, obviously the mechanical one is way better.

Lens aperture: is a mechanism, generally of circular shape and having iris blades, which allows light to enter the device, and impress the sensor. It works exactly like the eye pupil. If your device camera aperture is small (F1.8, F2.0, F2.8) this will allow you to make great photos in low light conditions, and you can make those shots with a shallow depth of field, with the main subject in clear while having a blur background.
Lens zoom: can be digital or optical . The optical zoom brings better quality. Zoom will allow you to shoot subjects in the distance.

About mega-pixels. You need to know that they are not as important as the adverts says, if their number is at least 7 then in most cases it will be fine. For example, if your camera has 5 mega-pixels, this is enough to print on A4 photo paper (provided that the image does not contain excessive noise) or to view the picture in full screen on the computer display. You need lots of mega-pixels if you’re going to print large posters. Do not be guided by the number of mega-pixels when making your decision, focus on the advanced photo features listed above. Which do you prefer? To have a lot of huge images which occupy unnecessary space on your hard drive or continuous shooting that allows you to capture that important moments?

Most of the time price is the criterion by which people purchase a camera. The price says something about the quality of the camera and hence the photos. As the camera is more expensive, the pictures will have more details and dynamic range, but until a point. On the other hand, if you possess an expensive professional camera that does not identify you as a photographer, nor it will make your pictures look better..

In recent years technology has advanced at a great speed, as a result, this allowed the introduction of quality small cameras into phones. For some time I have seen very successful pictures taken with a smartphone. If you want to go in that direction, you can choose a modern phone camera instead of a compact camera. The Samsung Galaxy S3, iPhone 5 or Lenovo k900 are some right choices at the moment. The advantages: (besides the fact that you will use the phone) takes up very little room in your pocket or purse when you go somewhere, and more than that, you’ll always have the camera with you! If you still prefer a compact camera, my advice is to choose between a Canon or a Nikon. It’s just a personal opinion, of course many can find their ideal device between brands like Olympus, Sony, Panasonic, Fujitsu, etc, which are also great cameras too.

For those who want a SLR-like camera they can turn to a mirror-less camera: they are almost as small as compacts but instead provides greater freedom of settings and functions. You can choose between the Nikon 1 V1 , Nikon 1 V2, Nikon 1 J2 , Sony NEX-C3, etc. I think such a device is suitable for an amateur, at least at the beginning.

D-SLR cameras can be divided into three categories: low-end , entry-level and professional. At the low-end or entry-level, the Nikon D3100 or the D7100 can make of a good choice. Professionals are using professional D-SLR’s but that’s because they’re also making money out of their photos. These cameras are of the highest quality, both in terms of body construction and image quality, they are water and dust proof sealed, shock proof, GPS function and what not.

Last but not least, you have to think what you were going to use the camera for, and you have to choose according to your own requirements. If you are fond of sports or theatre scenes and want to catch moments in these fields, then surely you will want a device with a big zoom lens, that can capture photos in low light quality, and of, at least, acceptable quality. If you are passionate about travel and want to capture mostly static nature scenes, and usually during daylight, most cameras will have no problems with that, but if you want to capture an wider open field scene, then you must opt for a wide lens for your camera.


Dudley’s Picks – Page 2

A series of photos that probably was used as slide presentations to tourists in the park. Marked by Dudley.

PtarmiganRoiling surfSchooner coveSea anemonesSea anemones under waterSea weed under waterSnowberry wintergreen (gaultheria hispidula)StarfishStarfish and sea anemonesStorm over Sunset pointSunset point and Leonard lighthouseTakakkaw falls


Sea anemones are a group of water-dwelling, predatory animals of the order Actiniaria. They are named for the anemone, a terrestrial flower. A sea anemone is a polyp attached at the bottom to the surface beneath it by an adhesive foot, called a basal disc, with a column shaped body ending in an oral disc. Most are from 1.8 to 3 centimeters in diameter, but anemones as small as 4 millimeters or as large as nearly 2 meters are known. They can have anywhere from a few tens to a few hundred tentacles.

Starfish, or sea stars are echinoderms belonging to the class Asteroidea. The names “starfish” and “sea star” essentially refer to members of this class. About 1,500 living species of starfish occur on the seabed in all the world’s oceans, from the tropics to subzero polar waters. They are found from the intertidal zone down to abyssal depths, 6,000 m below the surface. Starfish are among the most familiar of marine invertebrates. They typically have a central disc and five arms, though some species have more than this. The aboral or upper surface may be smooth, granular or spiny, and is covered with overlapping plates. Many species are brightly colored in various shades of red or orange, while others are blue, grey or brown.

Tide running up a gullyTriongularisUpper Narao lake and Mount BosworthVicia amaricanoWaves at Sunset pointWhite flowersWillow and cathix salixarticaWindswept sitka spruce


Vicia americana is a species of legume in the vetch genus known by the common names American vetch and purple vetch. It is a climbing perennial forb that grows from both taproot and rhizome. The leaves are each made up of oblong leaflets and have tendrils for climbing. It bears showy pea-like flowers in shades of lavender and fuchsia. American vetch is widespread across North America. It is a common understory plant in many types of forest and other habitats and it provides forage for wild and domesticated animals.

Dudley’s Picks – Page 1

A series of photos that probably was used as slide presentations to tourists in the park. Marked by Dudley.

A huddle of starfishA winters morningAlpine larch larix lyalliiAstilbe creekAthabasca glacier by snowmobileAthabasca glacier crevasseBull elk with a harem of cowsCastilleja speciesCathedral MountainChancellor peak and Wapta fallsChrysanthemum lewcantheumCloseup goose barnacles


The Athabasca Glacier is one of the six principal ‘toes’ of the Columbia Icefield, located in the Canadian Rockies. The glacier currently recedes at a rate of 2–3 metres per year and has receded more than 1.5 km in the past 125 years and lost over half of its volume. The glacier moves down from the icefield at a rate of several centimetres per day. It is the most visited glacier in North America. The leading edge of the glacier is within easy walking distance; however, travel onto the glacier is not recommended unless properly equipped.

Wapta Falls is a waterfall located in Yoho National Park in British Columbia, Canada. It is the largest waterfall of the Kicking Horse River, at about 30 metres high and 150 metres wide. Its average flow can reach 254 cubic metres per second. The name stems from a Nakoda Indian word meaning “river”.

Cox bayCox point and Cox bayDeerlodge cabinFalls at natural bridgeFalls on the Ottertail riverFleabane and yellow Indian paintbrushFoliage in a rock cleftGoose barnaclesHoary marmotHoary marmot 2HoodoosHoodoos on Hoodoo creek


The Otter Tail River is a 192-mile-long river in the west-central portion of the U.S. state of Minnesota. It begins in Clearwater County, 40 miles southwest of Bemidji. It then flows through a number of lakes and cities. At its mouth, it joins with the Bois de Sioux River to form the Red River at Wahpeton, North Dakota. The Red River is the Minnesota- North Dakota boundary from this point onward to the Canadian border. Five dams were built on the Otter Tail River in the Fergus Falls area between 1909 and 1925 by the Otter Tail Power Company.

An otter is any of 13 living species of semiaquatic (or in the case of the sea otter, aquatic) mammals that feed on fish and shellfish, and also other invertebrates, amphibians, birds and small mammals. Otters have long, slim bodies and relatively short limbs, with webbed paws. Most have sharp claws on their feet, and all except the sea otter have long, muscular tails. The 13 species range in adult size from 0.6 to 1.8 metres in length and 1 to 45 kilograms in weight.

Kicking Horse CanyonLimpet barnaclesMartenMcarthur lake and glacier and Mount BiddleMountain beside Amiskew valleyNatural bridgeOtter tracksPenstamen elligtiusPolypodium resperiumPolypodium scouleriPoplar in fallFrank and Lennard islands


Goose barnacles, also called stalked barnacles, are filter-feeding crustaceans that live attached to hard surfaces of rocks and flotsam in the ocean intertidal zone. Some species of goose barnacles are pelagic and are most frequently found on tidewrack on oceanic coasts. Unlike most other types of barnacles, intertidal goose barnacles depend on water motion rather than the movement of their cirri for feeding, and are therefore found only on exposed or moderately exposed coasts.

In Portugal and Spain, they are a widely consumed and expensive delicacy known as percebes. Percebes are harvested commercially in the northern coast, mainly in Galicia, and are also imported from overseas, particularly from Morocco and Canada. The indigenous peoples of California eat the stem after cooking it in hot ashes.


Dudley & Hilary Foskett

The photos from Canada in the public domain section are collected from 35mm film slides that Dudley and Hilary left behind.

Dudley Foskett was a Park Naturalist (BA & MA in Biology)
Hilary Bastin Foskett was a Botanist (BSc in Botany)

Most of their work was in the Western Canadian National Parks. All west of the Manitoba/Ontario provincial border.

As for taking photos, they both had identical Pentax cameras. All aerial photos and a small number of the other photos are made by Dudley. The rest of the photos (larger part), especially flowers and plants, are made by Hilary.

Dudley & Hilary Foskett